Lead researcher Liu and his colleagues studied participants who had self-reported inadequate sleep during the workweek. They allowed the study group to get 10 hours of sleep in a quiet environment. The other study group only was allows to sleep for six hours, or 10 hours with noises that interfered with deep sleep. When the participants were allowed to sleep for 10 hours each night for three nights, their sensitivity to insulin was much better than when they had sleep restrictions.
In 2011, diabetes researchers Zhang and associates conducted a large study involving 91 countries. The goal of this study was to estimate healthcare expenditures globally on diabetic patients aged 20 to 79 years, for 2010 and 2030. Using U.S. dollar (USD) values, expenditures for 193 individual countries were estimated using each country’s age/sex diabetes incidence, population estimates, health expenses per capita and health expense ratios per person, both with and without diabetes.
The investigators estimated diabetes prevalence using studies from 91 countries. Both United Nations and World Health Organization (WHO) data were used for population estimates and health expenditures. Ratios for the latter were estimated based on costing data of a large U.S. health plan. Diabetes expenses for 2030 were projected by taking into consideration future changes in urbanization and demographics.
According to the study, global health expenses on diabetes were expected to total at least 376 billion USD in 2010 and 490 billion USD in 2030. Globally, 12% of per capita health expenses or 1330.00 USD per person were estimated to be spent on diabetes in 2010. Diabetes expenses varied according to age, gender, region and country income levels. The researchers concluded that diabetes imposes an ever increasing economic burden on health care systems around the world. Additional preventative efforts are essential to lower this burden. Very low per capita expenses in developing countries show that more resources are needed to provide basic diabetic medical care within these settings.
Four Common Diabetes Myths:
• Diabetes is not a serious disease. It actually results in more deaths yearly than deaths from breast cancer and AIDS put together. Two thirds of diabetics succumb to either heart disease or stroke.
• Eating excess sugar causes diabetes. It is not as simple as that. Type 1 diabetes has genetic and other unknown factors which trigger the onset. Also, genetics and lifestyle factors contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes.
• Diabetic patients cannot eat sweets or chocolate. If incorporated into a healthy meal plan and combined with enough exercise, sweets and desserts can be eaten by diabetics. They are no “off limits” foods to diabetics per se. The key to being able to eat sweets is having very small portions and saving them to enjoy on special occasions.
• Diabetes is contagious. While it is not known exactly why certain individuals get diabetes, it is known that it is not a contagious disease that can be caught from another person.
Type 1 Diabetes
Generally diagnosed in childhood or young adulthood, type 1 diabetes is a condition where the person does not produce any insulin, a necessary hormone for glucose stabilization. Insulin is necessary to change sugars, starches and other foods into energy. Only 5% of diabetics have the type 1 form of this disease. Insulin therapy, control of blood glucose levels, exercise, proper nutrition and emotional support all help young type 1 diabetic patients manage their condition so they can live long, healthy lives.
Multiple daily injections using insulin pens, syringes or insulin pumps will be needed in addition to ongoing monitoring of blood glucose levels. Young people must learn to work closely with their healthcare team to maximize their care. Emotional support often plays a key role in diabetes therapy. Connecting with others who also live with this disease can make a big difference.
Type 2 Diabetes
Millions of Americans have type 2 diabetes, making it the most prevalent type. Many more are not aware they are at a higher risk. With type 2 diabetes, the body either does not manufacture enough insulin or the body ignores it. When glucose builds up in the bloodstream, instead of going into body cells, it can lead to complications including kidney disease, heart disease and stroke. This type is more common in:
• African Americans
• Native Americans
• Asian Americans
Patient’s Choice Medical Center Can Help
Patient’s Choice Medical Center is one of the foremost discount medical clinics in Las Vegas, offering various discount medical services. Typical healthcare services include diagnosis, treatment, prescription filling, diabetic screening tests and ongoing glucose blood testing of both insulin dependent and non-insulin diabetes. These highly qualified Las Vegas doctors specialize in affordable medical care in Las Vegas and surrounding areas to anyone who wants a cash only option or has no health insurance coverage. Patient’s Choice Medical Center’s motto is “Offering a Solution for Patients without Health Insurance.” This is because patients who want low cost, high quality medical treatment can make an appointment for high-quality, affordable health care.