Blood Vessel Disease and Heart Disease
Having diabetes creates a major increase in your risk profile for cardiovascular problems. You are more vulnerable to strokes, heart attacks, coronary artery disease with angina, atherosclerosis and high blood pressure if you are diabetic. Your stroke risk and mortality risk from heart disease are elevated by two to four times with diabetes.
Too much sugar damages the walls of your capillaries, especially in the legs. The early warning signs of neuropathy may start off as tinging or numbness, but if your blood sugar is not controlled, it can progress to complete loss of feeling in the limbs. Erectile dysfunction is another common result of neuropathy in diabetics.
The kidneys have millions of clusters of blood vessels to clean waste out of the blood. If the damage is severe, you could develop irreversible end-stage kidney disease or heart failure, which would require a kidney transplant or dialysis.
Damage to the nerves and bad blood circulation puts the feet at risk of complications, even from minor injuries and trauma. If the damage is very severe, toe, foot or leg amputation may be necessary.
Mouth and Skin
Diabetics are also more susceptible to skin problems, especially bacterial and fungal infections. You may also experience gum infections or gum disease.
Having diabetes may also increase your risk for dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. Poorly controlled blood sugar is associated with an elevated risk of dementia. One explanation that has been offered is that diabetes-induced cardiovascular problems can lead to dementia by blocking the flow of blood to the brain, or by resulting in strokes. Other explanations include excess insulin, causing inflammation that can damage the brain or too little, which can prevent brain cells from getting glucose.
Working with doctors at Low cost clinics in Las Vegas and managing your blood sugar levels can protect you from complications related to diabetes.