The kidneys are responsible for regulating the salt concentration in our bodies. Usually if there is too much salt in the body, it is eliminated with urine, but if you consume too much on a regular basis, the kidneys cannot keep up with the demand and the excess sodium will be deposited into the bloodstream. This is a problem if it is ongoing, because if there is too much salt the body retains water to try and balance it out. Extra fluid elevates blood pressure and puts you at risk for cardiovascular problems and high blood pressure. Studies have shown that cultures where salt does not feature in the daily diet do not have a problem with increasing blood pressure as people age.
Research tells us that sodium consumption has been increasing steadily since the 70s, and that the average consumption for Americans older than the age of 2 is 3400mg per day, but people are advised to keep their intake down to 2300mg per day. People who have been put into high risk groups are urged to lower their intake to 1500mg a day and ensure they are getting 4700mg of potassium on a daily basis. People who are classified as high risk are those over the age of 51, African Americans, people with diabetes, those with high blood pressure and people who have chronic kidney disease.
Aside from lowering your blood pressure, reducing sodium intake can also ensure other health benefits such as lowering your left ventricular mass, lowering your chances of developing gastro-esophageal cancer and preserving your bone mass.
Blood pressure is known colloquially as the silent killer and often does not present with symptoms, which is why it is essential to lower your salt intake and take your medication as prescribed by your doctor. Affordable healthcare in Las Vegas can ensure that your medication is cost-effective and can be easily obtained.